Rules and problems of Sadaqah al-Fitr

Sadaqah al-Fitr is obligatory after the sighting of the Eid moon and its time lasts until the Eid prayer, however, the best time to give Sadaqah Fitr is before going to the Eid prayer on the morning of Eid, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) This time has been fixed

Allah Ta’ala has declared Sadaqah al-Fitr obligatory at the end of Ramadan so that the disruptions that occurred in the fasts due to mistakes, omissions and sins will go away. In the state of fasting, the useless or senseless words that came out of the tongue or the eyes wandered, by paying the Fitra, the fast is cleansed from these things and becomes acceptable in the presence of Allah, the Exalted and Exalted, so that there is no obstacle in its acceptance.

Also, one of the wisdom of Sadaqah al-Fitr is that this Sadaqah is thanks to the great blessing of Allah Almighty that He gave us the blessed month of Ramadan, and gave us the ability to fast, stand up and perform other acts of worship, because all this is without Tawfiq. God was not possible.
It is narrated from Hazrat Ibn Umar (RA) that the Holy Prophet (PBUH) made obligatory on every slave, freedman, male, female and small and large among the Muslims one Saa of dates or one Saa of dates as Zakat al-Fitr (Charity of Fitr). Is.

The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) called Sadaqah al-Fitr the food of the poor and said, “Relieve them from asking questions on the day of Eid.” Can’t be done, therefore Sadaqah al-Fitr was made obligatory on Sahib-e-Istaat to help the needy people through this Sadaqah and make them worthy so that they can share with all the Muslims on the occasion of Eid.

Hazrat Abu Saeed Al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him) says that we used to take out one Saa of food or one Saa of roots or one Saa of dates or one Saa of dry grapes as Sadaqah al-Fitr (Bukhari and Muslim).
It should be noted here that saa is not a measure of weight but a measure of measurement, however, some scholars say that one saa is two kilos and forty grams, some two kilos and sograms, and most of the scholars say that it is three sers, that is, about two and a half kilos, so be careful in this. It is said that when giving Sadaqah Fitr, the weight of saa should be considered as two and a half kilos.
It is generally believed that Sadaqah al-Fitr is special only with wheat, while in hadiths it is mentioned to pay Sadaqah al-Fitr with four types of things, one is raisins, the other is dried dates, the third is barley, and the fourth is wheat. Whereas every Muslim who owns any one of the five things (gold, silver, cash, merchandise and surplus items) or a combination of these five is worth fifty-two and a half tolas of silver, regardless of this curriculum. Whether the whole year has passed or not, it is obligatory on him to pay Sadaqah al-Fitr on his behalf and on behalf of his dependent minor children.
And it is not permissible for such a person who owns the above-mentioned curriculum to take Zakat, Sadaqah al-Fitr and obligatory Sadaqat.
It is not obligatory for a man to pay Sadaqah al-Fitr on behalf of any other relative except his minor children, such as his wife, adult children, sister, brother, even if they are dependent on him. If the Fitrana is paid without taking permission from them, then it will be paid on the condition that adult children are in his family.
In the same way, it is not obligatory on the mother to give charity to her children, even if she is wealthy. If the woman herself is the owner of the nisab, then she is responsible for paying Sadaqah Fitr. It is not obligatory on the husband. Not obligatory.
Those who did not fast due to travel or illness or due to negligence, Sadaqah al-Fitr is also wajib on them if they are the Sahab Nisab.
Sadaqah al-Fitr is obligatory after the sighting of the Eid moon and its time lasts until the Eid prayer, however, the best time to give Sadaqah Fitr is before going to the Eid prayer on the morning of Eid, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) This time has been fixed. Therefore, Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar (RA) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) ordered us regarding Fitrana that it should be performed before the people go to the Eid prayer, and whoever performs it after the prayer, It will be considered as common charity, yes, if there is an expediency, two can be paid one day before.

It is in Muta Ibn Malik that Ibn Umar used to give his and his family’s charity to those who received it two days before Eid al-Fitr. If someone did not pay in Ramadan or on the day of Eid, then it will be obligatory on him to pay later, and it will not be forgiven. It is the Shariah responsibility of the one who pays Sadaqah Fitr to use the Sadaqah Fitr in its correct Sharia. Sadaqah al-Fitr can be given only to those poor people who are eligible to give zakat, i.e. those who own fifty-two and a half tolas of silver or gold equivalent to its value, silver, cash, merchandise, and goods that are not excessive, then he should be given sadaqah al-fitr.

can be given While it is not permissible to give Sadaqah Fitr to the people from whom it was born, such as mother, father, grandfather, grandmother, and likewise those who are his children, such as son, daughter, grandson, granddaughter, grandson, granddaughter, etc. A husband cannot give charity to his wife. Apart from this, it can be given to all other relatives as long as they are deserving, but giving to a deserving relative has a double reward, one is a kind reward and the other is the payment of an obligation. Those rich people who have been blessed by Allah should pay Sadaqah Fitr according to their status instead of depending on wheat. So that the needs of as many orphans as possible are fulfilled and they can share in the joys and happiness of Eid with other Muslims.

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